He studied law in London returning to India in 1891 to practice as a barrister.
As an expatriate lawyer in South Africa he first employed civil disobedience pioneering 'satyagralia' - resistance to tyranny through mass civil disobedience founded on 'ahimsa' (truth and total non-violence).
In 1915 he returned to India to organise protests for peasants and farmers concerning excessive land tax and discrimination. In 1921 he became the leader of the Indian National Congress, and among other causes, 'swaraj' (Independence of India from foreign domination), he led his followers on the famous march and non-cooperation movement against the imposition by the British of the salt tax. He spent a number of years in jail in South Africa and India. He lived modestly, wore a traditional Indian Dhoti and shawl spun by hand himself, fasted frequently, and was a vegetarian. A great man. He was assassinated in January, 1948.
' Strength doesn't come from physical capacity, it comes from an indomitable will'. Mahatma Ghandi.
Above....picture of Indian hand-embroidered muslin c1815. This example of the fine loosely woven cotton cloth muslin was made for the export market for ladies dresses etc, in c1815. Made mainly in Dacca India, muslin was loved for it's daring transparency and exquisite embroidery. In 1787 the value of the imports of muslin into England was estimated at $2,000,000 annually. Unfortunately, with the introduction of the spinning jenny in England a heavy duty was imposed on all Indian goods and manufacture of Dacca muslins for export purposes was killed.